Master thesis opponent

Licentiate degrees vary widely in their meaning, and in a few countries are doctoral level qualifications. Sweden awards the licentiate degree as a two-year qualification at doctoral level and the doctoral degree (PhD) as a four-year qualification. [33] Sweden originally abolished the Licentiate in 1969 but reintroduced it in response to demands from business. [34] Finland also has a two-year doctoral level licentiate degree, similar to Sweden's. [35] Outside of Scandinavia, the licentiate is normally a lower level qualification. In Belgium, the licentiate was the basic university degree prior to the Bologna Process and was approximately equivalent to a bachelor's degree, [36] [37] while in France and other countries it is the bachelor's-level qualification in the Bologna process. [38] In the Pontifical system, the Licentiate in Sacred Theology (STL) is equivalent to an advanced master's degree, or the post-master's coursework required in preparation for a doctorate (. similar in level to the Swedish/Finnish licentiate degree), while other licences (such as the Licence in Canon Law) are at the level of master's degrees. [39]

Following his tour of Paris, Kempelen moved the Turk to London , where it was exhibited daily for five shillings . Thicknesse, known in his time as a skeptic , sought out the Turk in an attempt to expose the inner workings of the machine. [35] While he respected Kempelen as "a very ingenious man", [2] he asserted that the Turk was an elaborate hoax with a small child inside the machine, describing the machine as "a complicated piece of clockwork ... which is nothing more, than one, of many other ingenious devices, to misguide and delude the observers". [36]

Master thesis opponent

master thesis opponent

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